Impact of structural changes on final intensity

  • Structural changes only explain 15% of the final intensity decrease since 2000 (even less since 2007).
  • Structural changes are mainly due to structural changes within industry to less energy intensive branches

Impact of structural changes on the final intensity (EU)

Contribution of structural changes (EU)


  •  Most countries have moved to less energy intensive sectors .
  • In almost 1/4 of EU countries structural changes explained more than 20% of the final energy intensity decrease. 
  • In some countries, such as Sweden, Finland, Spain, Greece and Austria, they explain more than 50% of the intensity decrease.

Impact of structural changes on the final intensity in EU countries (2005-2015)

Note: Final energy intensity at normal climate (cc)